Location: Egypt is situated in North Africa, and borders the Mediterranean Sea. Libya is on the western border and the Gaza Strip and Red Sea form the eastern border. Egypt's southern border is with the Sudan.
Gaza Strip 11 km, Israel 266 km, Libya 1,115 km and the Sudan 1,273 km.
Egypt covers 95,450 sq km , slightly more than three times the size of New Mexico, US.
It has a desert climate with hot, dry summers and moderate winters. Periodic droughts, frequent earthquakes, flash floods, landslides and a hot, driving windstorm called khamsin which occurs in the spring. The country is basically a vast desert plateau interrupted by the Nile valley and delta. Its lowest point is at the Qattara Depression -133 m, and the highest point is Mount Catherine at 2,629 m. Natural hazards that affect the country are: Constant and periodic droughts, frequent earthquakes, flash flooding, landslides and a hot, driving wind-storm called khamsin which arrives in the spring.
Egypt controls the Sinai Peninsula and the Suez Canal, a sea link between Indian Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Its size, location and position to Israel establish it's major role in Middle Eastern politics.
More than 76 million people live in Egypt. Life expectancy is around 70 years. Birth rate is on average 2.95 per woman. Literacy rate is 68% for men and only 47% for women.
Eastern Hamitic stock (Egyptians, Bedouins, and Berbers) 99%. Greek, Nubian, Armenian and other European (primarily Italian and French) 1%.
Muslim (mostly Sunni) 94%, Christian and other 6%
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The currency of Egypt is the Egyptian pound. This is divided into 100 piastres. There are several currency units and you should note that every banknote has two faces.One is printed in Arabic and usually has pictures of a Mosque in Egypt. The other face is printed in English and has pictures of Egyptian figures, statues and monuments.
Check your currency carefully as you will see old and new styles. Both are accepted as legal tender.
Arabic, is the official language of Egypt. English and French is widely understood by educated people, and in regions with tourism.
Egypt has many of the top visitor attractions in the world, including:
The Ancient Pyramids of Giza, The Sphinx, The Medieval City of Cairo, The famous Temple at Luxor, The Valley of Kings, The Egyptian Museum in Cairo.
Egypt has a desert climate with hot, dry summers and moderate winters.
Coastal regions and holiday resorts along the Red Sea will differ slightly, according to the prevailing conditions at the time. There are some natural hazards that affect the people of Egypt and they include:Frequent droughts, localised earthquakes, flash flooding, landslides and a hot, driving windstorm called Khamsin that arrives in very early spring.
The country is basically a vast desert plateau interrupted by the Nile valley and delta. Its lowest point is at the Qattara Depression -133 mts, and the highest point is Mount Catherine at 2,629 mts.